State Rental Laws: Montana

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Each State has its own version of laws relating to residential rentals. The diagram below shows, Federal laws are the foundation and take precedence. This lesson covers the State legislation.

This lesson summarizes some key landlord-tenant laws applicable to residential rental units. Landlord-tenant laws are always changing, and may even vary from county to county. You have a responsibility to perform your own research and cautiously apply the laws to your unique situation.  If you have a legal question or concern, you should contact a licensed attorney referral service that is operated by the state bar association. This lesson is not intended to be exhaustive or a substitute for qualified legal advice

 Laws applicable to rentals


State Laws

  • Montana Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (Montana Code Annotated 70-24) and the Residential Tenants’ Security Deposit Act (MCA 70-25).
  • For easier reading,  explanations, and suggestions, use the following guide:


Montana Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (Montana Code Annotated 70-24)

70-24-101. Short title.
70-24-102. Purposes — liberal construction to promote.
70-24-103. General definitions.
70-24-104. Exclusions from application of chapter.
70-24-105. Supplementary principles of law applicable.
70-24-106. Construction against implicit repeal.
70-24-107. Territorial application.
70-24-108. What constitutes notice.
70-24-109. Obligation of good faith.
70-24-110. Landlords and tenants — no firearm prohibition allowed.
70-24-111. Notice of no contact.

70-24-201. Rental agreement — terms and conditions.
70-24-202. Prohibited provisions in rental agreements.
70-24-203. Agreement not to permit receipt of rent free of obligation.
70-24-204. Effect of unsigned or undelivered rental agreement.
70-24-205. Extension of written rental agreements.

70-24-301. Duty to disclose name of person responsible.
70-24-302. Landlord to deliver possession of dwelling unit.
70-24-303. Landlord to maintain premises — agreement that tenant perform duties — limitation of landlord’s liability for failure of smoke detector or carbon monoxide detector.
70-24-304. Transfer of premises or termination of management — relief from liability.
70-24-305. Transfer of premises by tenant.
70-24-306. through reserved.
70-24-311. Landlord authorized to adopt rules.
70-24-312. Access to premises by landlord.
70-24-313. Repealed.
70-24-314. Resident associations — meetings.
70-24-315. Repealed.
70-24-316. through reserved.
70-24-321. Tenant to maintain dwelling unit.
70-24-322. Tenant to occupy as dwelling unit only — extended absence.

70-24-401. Administration of remedies — enforcement.
70-24-402. Settlement of disputed claim or right.
70-24-403. Prohibited provision in rental agreement — unenforceability — damages.
70-24-404. Unconscionability — court discretion to refuse enforcement.
70-24-405. Failure of landlord to deliver possession — tenant’s remedies.
70-24-406. Failure of landlord to maintain premises — tenant’s remedies.
70-24-407. Damages for minor violations by landlord.
70-24-408. Purposeful or negligent failure to provide essential services — tenant’s remedies.
70-24-409. Fire or casualty damage — rights of tenant.
70-24-410. Unlawful or unreasonable entry by landlord — tenant’s remedies.
70-24-411. Unlawful ouster, exclusion, or diminution of service — tenant’s remedies.
70-24-412. through reserved.
70-24-421. Action for nonpayment of rent — tenant’s counterclaim.
70-24-422. Noncompliance of tenant generally — landlord’s right of termination — damages — injunction.
70-24-423. Waiver of landlord’s right to terminate for breach.
70-24-424. Refusal of access — landlord’s remedies.
70-24-425. Failure of tenant to maintain dwelling — landlord’s right to enter and repair.
70-24-426. Remedies for absence or abandonment.
70-24-427. Landlord’s remedies after termination — action for possession.
70-24-428. Landlord’s recovery of possession limited.
70-24-429. Holdover remedies — consent to continued occupancy — tenant’s response to service in action for possession.
70-24-430. Disposition of personal property abandoned by tenant after termination.
70-24-431. Retaliatory conduct by landlord prohibited.
70-24-432. Repealed.
70-24-433. through reserved.
70-24-436. Repealed.
70-24-437. through reserved.
70-24-441. Termination by landlord or tenant.
70-24-442. Attorney fees — costs.

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